Multiple Choice Identify the
choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


1.

Write the parttowhole ratio 7:16 as a percent.
a.  43.75%  b.  0.4375%  c.  56.25%  d.  77.78% 


2.

Sally has 7 red cubes and 2 blue cubes on her desk. What is the ratio of red
cubes to blue cubes?


3.

The ratios 40: and 8:7 are equivalent. Find the missing number.


4.

Which two ratios are equivalent? 14:16, 15:30, 35:40,
21:23
a.  14:16, 35:40  b.  15:30, 21:23  c.  14:16, 15:30  d.  35:40,
21:23 


5.

Write the ratio 15:25:20 in simplest form.
a.  3:4:5  b.  10:20:15  c.  5:15:10  d.  3:5:4 


6.

In a sports centre, there are 88 lockers for men and 77 lockers for women.
Write the ratio of men’s lockers to women’s lockers in simplest form.


7.

Write the parttowhole ratio 3:7 as a parttopart ratio.


8.

The ratio of distance travelled to amount of gas used is listed for 4 cars.
Car A: 1:5 Car B: 1:6 Car C: 1:7 Car D: 1:9 Which ratio means the longest distance
travelled with the same amount of gas?


9.

Find the value of the variable. 18:12 = 30:w


10.

Two towns that are 32 km apart are 8 cm apart on a map. What is the scale of
the map?
a.  1:250 000  b.  1:400 000  c.  1:300 000  d.  1:392
000 


11.

Laura types 240 words in 3 min. What is her unit rate of typing?
a.  80 wpm  b.  210 wpm  c.  240 wpm  d.  720
wpm 


12.

A vehicle uses 60 L of gas for travelling a distance of 500 km. Calculate
the rate of gas consumption of the vehicle in L/100 km.
a.  0.12 L/100 km  b.  8.33 L/100 km  c.  12 L/100 km  d.  300 L/100
km 


13.

In a store, ice cream is sold by the litre. Use the graph to find the cost of 2
L ice cream.
a.  $6.00  b.  $3.00  c.  $9.00  d.  $15.00 


14.

Write a unit rate for this statement. Round to the nearest hundredth if
necessary. 503 km travelled in 8 h
a.  15.9 km/h  b.  62.88 km/h  c.  402.4 km/h  d.  503
km/h 


15.

A soccer player scored 32 goals in 75 games. Write the player’s scoring
rate as a unit rate. Round your answer to 3 decimal places.
a.  0.427 goals per game  c.  0.677 goals per game  b.  2.344 goals per game  d.  1.844 goals per
game 

Short Answer


16.

Write 3 different ratios using this diagram.


17.

The ratio of dogs to cats in an animal shelter is 9:14. Write the ratio of
dogs to total number of dogs and cats.


18.

You have 4 red cubes, 5 blue cubes, and 7 green cubes. Which sets of cubes
could you use to show the ratio 7:9?


19.



20.

Write 2 ratios equivalent to the ratio 5:2.


21.

In a survey, 5 out of 6 nutritionists recommended hot oatmeal for breakfast.
If 300 nutritionists were surveyed, how many recommended hot oatmeal?


22.

The table shows the volumes of water and colour concentrate needed to make a
special shade of colour. Water
(mL)  9  18  27  Colour
Concentrate (mL)  2  4  6     
a) What is the ratio of water to colour
concentrate?
b) What is the
volume of water needed for 10 mL of colour concentrate? c) How much
colour concentrate is needed for 90 mL of water?


23.

A plane travelled 2700 km in 9 h. How far did it travel in 1 h?


24.

Elisa earned $78.00 for 12 h of work. What was her hourly rate of pay?


25.

In his Marathon of Hope, Terry Fox ran 5373 km in 143 days. On average, how
far did he run each day?


26.

The West Coast Trail on Vancouver Island is a tough 75 km hike. A group of
hikers took 6 days to hike the trail. What was the average distance, to the nearest tenth of a
kilometre, covered each day?


27.

Tanya scored 126 points in 52 games. What was her average number of points per
game? Give your answer to 1 decimal place.


28.

At Sean’s mountain cabin, 10.4 cm of snow fell in 4 h. Assume the snow
fell at a constant rate. a) How much
snow fell in 1 h? b) How much snow fell between 8 p.m. and 7
a.m.?


29.

Car A travels 496 km in 8 h. Car B travels 441 km in 7 h. Which car has
the greater speed? Explain.


30.

The prices for comparable juice packs in different stores are: 10 packs for
$4.20 20 packs for $6.00 15 packs for $4.00 Which is the best buy?

Problem


31.

A recipe calls for 12 cups of flour, 4 cups of sugar, and 8 cups of
milk. a) What is the ratio of dry
ingredients to liquid? b) What fraction of the total ingredients is
flour? c) What percent of the total ingredients is
sugar?


32.

Below are ingredients listed in a recipe for a salad. 3 cups  chopped
chicken  2 cups  cooked
macaroni  1 cup  sliced
oranges  2 cups  chopped apple  1 cup  crushed pineapple  2 cups  mayonnaise   
a) What is
the ratio of chicken to fruit?
b) What is the ratio of chicken to
macaroni? c) What is the ratio of chicken to total
ingredients? d) What is the ratio of mayonnaise to other
ingredients? e) Sean made the salad with 2 more cups of chopped
chicken and 1 more cup of mayonnaise. What are the new ratios in
parts c and d?


33.

A box contains 10 chocolate creams, 7 chocolate covered almonds, and 8 chocolate
caramels. a) What is the ratio of
chocolate caramels to noncaramels? b) What chocolate could you eat
to change the ratio of chocolate caramels to noncaramels to 1:2? c)
If you now eat one of each kind of chocolate, what is the new ratio of chocolate caramels to
noncaramels?


34.

Darlene sells boxes of balls containing the same ratio of balls in 3 different
colours. The ratio of red to blue to green is always 3:20:15. a) In a box with 100 blue balls, how many red
balls are there? b) In a box with 60 green balls, how many balls are
in the box?


35.

Each of four bags contains the same number of red and green balls. The ratio
of red balls to green balls in each bag is listed. Bag 1: 1:2 Bag 2: 1:3 Bag 3: 4:9 Bag
4: 5:12 Which bag has the greatest number of red balls?


36.

The lengthtowidth ratio of a rectangle is 8:5. a) Find the perimeter and area of a rectangle
of width 10 cm. b) Find the length and width of a rectangle with
perimeter 78 cm. Show your work.


37.

The 3 ratios AB:DE, BC:EF, and AC:DF of the 2 triangles are equal. Find the
values of x and y. Show your work.


38.

Chris makes a scale drawing of his house. He uses 1 cm to represent 2 m. a) What is the ratio of a length in the
drawing to the actual length of the house? b) What are the
dimensions of the house in the scale drawing?


39.

In a factory, each of two machines A and B produces 294 business cards per day.
On machine A, 4 out of every 21 cards is faulty. On machine B, 3 out of every 14 cards is
faulty. If the results are combined, what is the ratio of faulty cards to total cards
produced?


40.

David flew from New Zealand to see his cousin Judy who was on holiday in Canada
from France. The rate of exchange for their money was $1 Can to $1.75 NZ or 0.45 euro. a) David exchanged $200 NZ to Canadian dollars
and Judy exchanged 200 euros to Canadian dollars. How many
Canadian dollars did each person get? b) Each of them bought a gift
costing $45. What was the value of each gift in New Zealand
dollars and in euros? Show your calculations.
